Department of Physiotherapy

About the department

  • The Physiotherapy Department was established in a small room in the old building with Shri M.L. Chainani, a graduate of the first batch of physiotherapy in India in 1956. The decade between mid-fifties to mid-sixties was the era of the pre and post-operative care and rehabilitation of the physically handicapped patients. Evaluation and management of the patient from the perspective of optimum physical independence rather than the injured limb, was the hallmark of physiotherapy services even in those days.
  • Physiotherapy plays a key role in all movement dysfunction that follows developmental disability, age and disease. The department has developed over years from it’s budding stage, to a full-fledged teaching and rehabilitation centre. At present the department is equipped with all new modalities. This department runs an OPD where 200 patients are treated by the therapists in OPD and wards which includes treatment of intensive care patients in cardiac, recovery, cardiac surgery, pediatric and neonatology, MACU and trauma wards. Critically ill patients are treated 2 to 3 times a day and even on emergencies by post-graduate students

The main branches of physiotherapy are:

  • Electrotherapy
  • Kinesiotherapeutics and Biomechanics
  • Electro-diagnosis
  • Musculoskeletal rehabilitation
  • Neuro-rehabilitation (adult & pediatric)
  • Cardio-pulmonary rehabilitation
  • Women’s health
  • Geriatrics
  • Physical Fitness
  • In the early days, the heating modalities used to relieve pain were hot and cold packs, paraffin wax bath, Short Wave Diathermy, Ultrasound, Infra-red and low frequency currents like faradic, galvanic, interrupted galvanic and TENS. With advancement in research and technology, new modalities like long wave diathermy, microcurrents, interferential therapy, laser, are now in use for pain relief.
  • The mid seventies ushered in the era of electro-diagnosis. It included tests like galvanic-faradic test, strength duration curve, EMG/NCV studies, to assist the diagnosis, level of neuromuscular lesion and its prognosis. The EMG/NCV studies along with reflex studies heightened the perception of electrophysiology for the physiotherapist and have immensely extended its service to all departments, especially to Orthopedic patients with nerve involvement. Para spinal sampling became a routine and unique way for localizing the level of root lesion.
  • The early eighties (1981) witnessed an accelerated activity in P.G. teaching with 5 students enrolling each year for a 2 year Masters program under Mumbai University. In 1990 an undergraduate 3½ year teaching course under Mumbai University, was started with 10 students in each batch. In 1998, this became a   4 ½ year course under M.U.H.S while the 2 year Masters program became a 3 year Masters program under Mumbai University in 2003 and transferred to MUHS in 2006. 
  • A revolutionary change was introduced in rehabilitation of patients with cardiac problems. The so called sacred programme of 3 weeks bed rest following a cardiac episode was challenged. PT Department instituted early exercise programme while monitoring haemodynamic response to increasing physical activity levels, a great leap forward in restoring a patient to normalcy. Regular home exercise programs, to improve their exercise capacity and thereby the functional capacity, are instituted effectively.
  • The treatment techniques used in the management of respiratory patients have also evolved over the years. With use of techniques like postural drainage to clear secretions, positioning to improve ventilation and oxygenation of the lungs has made physiotherapy an integral part of intensive care units. In addition to breathing exercises and postural drainage, new techniques like active cycle of breathing, autogenic drainage and endurance exercises are also included in the treatment sessions of a respiratory patient.
  • Use of various manipulation techniques like Maitland, Mulligan, Neural Tissue mobilisation etc as well as taping techniques has revolutionized the treatment of patients with musculoskeletal conditions. These techniques are not only effective in reducing pain and increasing movement but also reduce the number of treatment sessions.
  • From the era of passive movements in neurological patients to task specific training, Neuro-physiotherapy has come a long way. Treatment techniques used in these patients are based on the principles of Brunnstrom, Bobath, Neurodevelopment techniques and task specific training. Use of treadmill has effectively been used for improving gait symmetry retraining. Physiotherapy is also effective in reducing dizziness and improving function in patients suffering from vertigo.
  • The concept of neurodevelopment propounds a global therapeutic approach for the development of a child with brain damage. Our department has been in the forefront, introducing techniques like Vojta, Neurodevelopment techniques for overall rehabilitation of a child with impaired development and learning disability. Our department has taken active participation in collaboration with pediatric department, in early detection intervention and treatment of high risk neonates along with respiratory problems.
  • Use of pelvic floor exercises has been found to be beneficial in pregnant patients which has led to development of pre natal and post natal classes. Use of Interferential Current and faradic currents are also useful in strengthening pelvic floor muscles in patients with prolapsed uterus (first stage) and urinary incontinence.
  • Exercises are integral in a weight reduction program as well in improving diabetic control. Various fat measuring devices like skin fold calipers and fat bio-impedance analyzing equipments allow us to measure the percentage fat present in the body. This helps in formulating a structured exercise program which along with a diet program helps in reducing weight and controlling blood glucose effectively.

Important moments in the past:

  • Beginning of 2 year Master in Physiotherapy programme under Mumbai University in 1981
  • Beginning of 3 ½ year Bachelor in Physiotherapy programme under Mumbai University in 1990.
  • Starting of the 4 ½ year Bachelor in Physiotherapy under MUHS in 19998
  • Enhancement of 2 year MScPT) programme to 3 Year Master in Physiotherapy in 2003 under Mumbai University
  • Transfer of PG program to MUHS in 2006
  • The setting up of pediatric room for sensory-motor development sponsored by Inner Wheel Club of Mumbai, Queen’s Necklace.
  • Prof Hutoxi Writer, Dr Rachna Arora and Dr Swati Kubal participated as Pharmacodynamic assessors in Research Trial of HP184 molecule in Spinal Cord Injury patients in collaboration with Neurology department.

Faculty

Sr No Name of Staff Designation
1   Prof & Head
2 Dr Bharati D Asgaonkar Associate Professor
3 Dr Rachna D Arora Assistant Professor
4 Dr Swati V Kubal Assistant Professor
5 Dr Hetal M Mistry Assistant Professor

Location

  • ‘M’ building, Ground Floor.

Sections

The services are divided into 4 distinct specialities

  • Physiotherapy in Musculoskeletal conditions supervised by Mrs Asgaonkar and Mrs Swati Kubal
  • Physiotherapy in Adult neurological conditions supervised by Mrs H S Writer and Mrs NS Parkhe
  • Physiotherapy in Paediatrics supervised by Mrs NS Kolwankar
  • Physiotherapy in Cardiovascular and pulmonary conditions and Health and Fitness supervised by Mrs R D Arora and Mrs H M Mistry

Besides these areas Community services are offered through our interns with the PSM Department in the outreach centres of Shivaji Nagar and Chitacamp

Timings

  • 8:30 a.m. to 3:00 p.m.

Contact

  • (022)23027503

Courses

  • UG: - B.P.Th 4 ½ years recognized by MUHS
  • PG: -   M.P.Th 3 years recognized by MUHS
  • PhD: Recognized by MUHS
  • UG/PG Courses are recognized by Maharashtra State Council of Occupational Therapy and Physiotherapy

Facilities & Special services

  • Advanced Electrotherapy Equipments to handle pain
  • Manual therapy techniques
  • Cardiopulmonary rehabilitation
  • Advanced Neurotherapeutic techniques
  • Early intervention in Paediatrics to reduce morbidity
  • Vestibular rehabilitation – instituted as part of our services using specialized manouvres to treat BPPV and exercise regime for gase stability and postural control
  • Physical disability assessment
  • Geriatric Services – Wealthy  tips for healthy aging

Guidelines / Instructios for patients

  • Patients are taken as and when they come however special cases that require extensive time are given appointments Afternoon services are mainly by appointments